Images from Southern Africa
Pre-Boer War Photographic Images
Unidentified Officer
94th Regiment of Foot
c. 1881
European and Zulu Nongqai
c. 1890's
John Rouse Merriott Chard V.C.
Royal Engineers
c. 1880
While besieged for more than
two months at the mission station
at Eshowe during the Anglo-Zulu
War of 1879, the British garrison
had been plagued by Zulu snipers
on the nearby hill Mbombotshana.
Volunteers were called upon to
clear the enemy from the heights
and six men stepped forward
including Trooper Garland of the
Victoria Mounted Rifles. That
night the men made their way to
the top of the hill and drove off
the Zulu riflemen the next

For his actions Garland received a
Mention in Despatches.
Trooper, later Quarter Master
Alpheus Howe Garland
Victoria Mounted Rifles
Natal Mounted Rifles

Cabinet Photograph
c. 1890
After the war he continued to
serve in Victoria Mounted Rifles
and later the Natal Mounted
Major Gonville Bromhead
24th Regiment of Foot/
South Wales Borderers
c. 1883
Anthony Durnford
Royal Engineers
c. 1875
5th Royal Irish Lancers
and wife
c. 1898
The Death of Lieutenants  
Melville and Coghill
24th Regiment.

10 1/2 Inches by 10 1/2 Inches
(26.5 cm x 26.5 cm)
British/American Tobacco Co., Ltd.
Litho by A. Hoen & Co. Inc.
Richmond, Virginia, U.S.A.
c. 1880
Nevill Josiah Aylmer Coghill, V.C.
1st Battalion, 24th Regiment of Foot
Mounted Woodburytype
c. 1880
Lieutenant & Adjutant
Teignmouth Melvill, V.C.
1st Battalion, 24th Regiment of Foot
Mounted Woodburytype
c. 1880
Colour Sergeant Bourne: "It's a miracle."    Lieutenant John Chard: "If it's a miracle, Colour Sergeant, it's a short chamber Boxer Henry point 45
caliber miracle."    Colour Sergeant Bourne: "And a bayonet, sir, with some guts behind it."
                                                                    From the 1964 film ZULU
Perhaps there is no more tragic figure in the annals of Queen Victoria's "Little Wars" than that of
Louis Napoleon, the Prince Imperial of France. The son of Napoleon III, he was the heir of the
Bonapartist throne of Imperial France and the last hope for an Imperial restoration after the death of
his father.

Raised amidst the glorious traditions of the Second Empire, young Louis was a personal witness to
France's humiliating defeat at the hands of Prussian military efficiency during the Franco-Prussian

Exiled to England with his mother after the war, the family was joined by Napoleon III after his
release from Prussian custody although the former Emperor died not long afterward. With little in
the way of a future for the exiled heir of a failed dynasty, Louis was granted admittance to the Royal
Military Academy, Woolwich in 1872. Through hard work and a winning personality Louis graduated
in 1875 although as a foreign prince he was denied holding actual rank in the Royal Artillery, his
chosen branch of service.

With the outbreak of the Anglo-Zulu War in 1879 and the news of the disaster at Isandlwana Louis
sought permission to join forces departing for South Africa. Denied by Prime Minister Disraeli he
none the less was given letters of ....
Napoleon Eugene Louis Joseph
Bonaparte, The Prince Imperial
of France

Mounted Woodburytype


The South African
Campaign of 1879

London Stereoscopic Company,
London, England
c. 1880
Autograph Signature of
the Prince Imperial
from the
Duke of Cambridge's
Guest or Calling Book
14 February, 1879
Ted LeGros
Prince Alfred's Guard
Trooper "FB"
Natal Volunteer
c. 1880's
Unidentified Trooper
Cape Mounted Rifles
Lt. Coghill: "There Melvill, there stretched out is my Lord Chelmsford's Army. What a wonderful adventure
we undertake. What a marvellous spree."
                                                         from the Cy Endfield film Zulu Dawn
Boer War-era Photographic Images
The Queen's (Royal West Surrey) Regiment
Natal Field Force
c. 1900
Henry John Donovan
4th Dragoon Guards
c. 1906
Unidentified Private
1st Battalion
The Duke of Wellin
gton's (West Riding) Regiment
c. 1901
Unidentified Unit
John Alexander
Royal Garrison Artillery
c. 1900
Old Soldier
c. 1900
Unidentified Medic
Royal Army Medical Corps
c. 1900
Harry "Breaker" Morant: "It's a new kind of war, George. It's a new war for a new century."
                                                                                   from the Bruce Beresford film Breaker Morant
Royal Artillery
Howitzer Battery
c. 1902
Captain F. E. Ashton
York and Lancaster Regiment
Unidentified Officer
Cape Town
c. 1900
Pietermaritzburg, Natal
South Africa
c. 1902
"John Bull - is a Little "Boer-ed"
Original Boer War Political Cartoon
Gouache on Paper
7 inches by 10 inches (17.5 cm x 26.5 cm)
Charles K. Cook
c. 1900
Graaff Reinet, Cape Colony
August, 1902
Private Joe Breen
1st Battalion
The  Duke of Wellington's (West Riding) Regiment
Outside Blockhouse
Harold Robert Jones
2nd Battalion,
The Hampshire Regiment
c. 1901
Canadian Trooper
South African Constabulary
Unidentified Soldier
Newcastle, Natal
c. 1902
Sergeant G. Wright
Cape Mounted Rifles,
South African Constabulary,
New Zealand Expeditionary Force
c. 1905
Unidentified Private
Cape Town Highlanders
c. 1895
Original painting by artist Frank Craig titled Bursting Shell -
Elandslaagte painted in 1899 possibly for The Graphic.

This 1899 illustration by artist Frank Craig depicts the British
guns going into action at Elandslaagte during the Boer War in
1899. This black and white gouache painting may have done for
the British publication The Graphic for whom Craig worked as
an artist.
"I'm free! I'm Winston Bloody Churchill, and I'm free!"
                                                        from the 1972 Richard Attenborough  film Young Winston
Eastern Mounted Rifles
William Degacher
1st Battalion, 24th Regiment of Foot
c. 1877
Unidentified Police Constable
Cape Rural Police
c. 1890
George Vaughan Wardell
1st Battalion, 24th Regiment of Foot
c. 1877
Unidentified Private
The Welch Regiment
North Staffordshire Regiment
c. 1890
Left: A veteran of the
Anglo-Zulu War, this
private or NCO was a
member of the 58th
Regiment of Foot.

Carte de Visite
Natal, South Africa
Wearing his recently presented 1877-79 South
Africa Medal, this private or possibly NCO was a
member of the 58th  (Rutlandshire) Regiment of
Foot. His collar badges clearly bear this out.

The 58th arrived in South Africa directly from
England as part of the reinforcements requested by
Lord Chelmsford after the abortive first invasion of
Zululand in early 1879.
Taken from the April 1935 issue of The
Journal of the South Wales Borderers,
this image is an exact facsimile of the
muster roll that was
drawn up by hand
for Col. Glyn, 24th Foot on 3 February,
1879 by Lt. John Rouse Merriot Chard,
R.E. who was commanding at Rorke's
Drift, January 22-23, 1879.

While several muster rolls for Rorke's
Drift exist, and exhibit some variations,
this one in Chard's own hand is can be  
considered as authoritative as any.
Sergeant Thomas Connelly DCM
Royal Irish Regiment

c. 1903
Signed "Yours Truly", this photograph of
No. 5689 Sergeant Thomas Connelly of
the 1st Battalion, Royal Irish Regiment
shows him sometime after the end of the
Anglo-Boer War. He wears his Queen's
South Africa Medal with six clasps and the
King's South Africa Medal with its usual
two. He also wears his Distinguished
Conduct Medal which he was awarded in
Connelly received a Mention in Despatches for the his actions from General
Roberts in the September 10, 1901 edition of The London Gazette. This was
upgraded to the Distinguished Conduct Medal in the September 27, 1901 issue of
the Gazette.
Far left:
Unidentified Mounted Infantryman
58th Regiment of Foot.

Carte de Visite
Natal, South Africa
c. 1880
Left: Private James Osborne
58th Regiment of Foot
2nd Battalion,
The Northamptonshire Regiment.
(from The History of the Victoria Cross
by Philip A. Wilkins, 1904)

c. 1882
At far left is a Carte de Visite of an unidentified
mounted infantryman of the 58th Foot taken in
Natal, South Africa shortly after the end of the
Anglo-Zulu War  of 1879. On the right is a
photograph c. 1882 of Private James Osborne VC
of the 58th Foot / 2nd Battalion, The
Northamptonshire Regiment.

When closely compared both these photos appear
to depict the same individual. If this is the case
then the carte de visite would be a relatively rare
image of an other rank taken prior to being
invested with the Victoria Cross.

James Osborne was born on 13 April, 1857. He
served with the 58th Regiment of Foot as a
mounted infantryman during the Anglo-Zulu war
of 1879 and remained in South Africa after the
end of that conflict.
Volunteer or Constable
Graaff Reinet

Cape Colony
c. 1885
Unidentified Trooper
British South Africa Company Police
c. 1895
Lieutenant  Audley Vaughan Gosling

3/4 Battalions,
The Worcestershire Regiment

Cabinet Photograph (trimmed)
Bearing one of those eccentrically odd Victorian names,
Audley Vaughan Gosling was born in 1864 the son of George
F, Gosling a staff officer on half pay. George Gosling was
widowed by 1871 when Audley was about six years old and I
have not been able to uncover the name of Audley’s mother.
In 1881 Gosling was living in London with his uncle Major-
General William Francis Gosling, R.A.
Gosling was commissioned a lieutenant in the 4th or 5th
Volunteer Battalion, The Worcestershire Regiment on 3
April, 1886. For some reason the London Gazette does not
differentiate between the two battalions in either the issue
that mentions his commissioning (2 April, 1886) or in the
issue that mentions his resignation (7 June, 1889).

Sometime after his resignation Gosling ventured to South
Africa and joined the Bechuanaland Border Police (BBP). He
served as a captain with a detachment of the BBP (“G”
troop) in the force that was raised by Dr. Leander Starr
Jameson for his ill-planned invasion of the Boer’s Transvaal
Republic and was captured when Jameson’s outnumbered
and outfought force was compelled to surrender to the
Boers on 2
January, 1896. Gosling was transported back to
for trial with a number of the so-called Jameson
but was acquitted of all charges.

Gosling returned to South Africa that same year and
served as a staff officer during the Moshonaland
Expedition with the rank of Major in the British South
Africa Police (BSA). He received a Mention in Despatches
from General Martin for his services during that

“Chief Inspector A. V. Gosling. District Staff Officer, acted
as second in command and conducted several important
patrols with conspicuous success. He commanded the
attack on Kunzi’s and took part in all the encounters with
the natives, showing the greatest coolness and gallantry
under fire.”

One would assume that Gosling would have qualified for
the British South Africa Company Medal for his service in
Moshonaland but I have up to this point been unable to
locate an entry for him in that medal roll.
Bertram Noel Denison

HMS Doris/Naval Brigade
2nd Battalion
The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry

Carte de Visite
G. F. West & Sons
Gosport, Hampshire, England
c. 1900
Bertram Noel Denison was born on 21
December, 1883 in Greenock, Renfrewshire,
Scotland the son of Rear-Admiral John
Denison, of Toronto, Canada and Florence
Ledgard of Yorkshire.

He was educated at Sandhurst and Harrow
and passed first on the list from the HMS
Britania in December, 1898.

As a midshipman off the HMS Doris he
served with the Naval Brigade as
aide-de-camp to Captain Bearcroft during
the Anglo-Boer War. He took part in
operations in the Transvaal, around
Pretoria, Belfast (26-17 August) and the
Orange Free State. He received a Mention in
Despatches on 12 March, 1901.

A humorous incident occurred while Denison
was in command of the cutter which was
landing the Boer general Cronje on the
island of St. Helena after the later's defeat
and capture. The 13 June, 1900 edition of
The Straights Times quotes a personal letter
from Denison:
Born on 21 March, 1871 in Epsom, Surrey, Robert Donat Edmund
McMahon was the second son of Donat McMahon and Isabella
Mclean. The elder McMahon was a former officer in the Military
Train who has previously invented a prototype pack saddle that was
field tested in Abyssinia.

Robert was educated at Bedford Grammar School and spent time as
a mounted policeman in England prior to travelling to the United
States sometime around 1893. It was on 1 September of that year
that he enlisted as a Private in "A" Company of the 7th Regiment,
United States Cavalry at Fort Riley, Kansas.
Troop Sergeant Major
Robert Donat Edmund McMahon

7th U.S. Cavalry
Matabeleland Mounted Police
South Africa Company Police
Rhodesia Regiment
South African Constabulary
Royal Dublin Fusiliers
etc., etc.

South Africa
24 May, 1902
Maurice Raymond Gifford C.M.G.

French's Scouts
Gifford's Horse
Kimberley Horse

Cabinet Photo
Hyde Park, London, England
c. 1893
The second son of Robert Francis Gifford,
2nd Baron Gifford, Maurice Gifford was
born on 5 May, 1859 at Ampney Park,
Gloucester. His elder brother was Edric
Gifford who while a lieutenant in the 2/24th
Foot won the Victoria Cross during the
Ashanti Expedition of 1874.

Educated at Worcester he served in the
mercantile marine between 1876 and 1882.
While assistant correspondent to the Daily
Telegraph he was present at the Battle of
Tel-el-Kebir during the Egyptian Campaign
of 1882.

He spent over ten years in Canada and
served with French's Scouts during the Riel
Rebellion in 1885.
Above: An Army Long Service &
Good Conduct Medal (2nd Type)
issued to Sergeant William Thake
of the 88th Regiment of Foot
1st Battalion, The Connaught

c. 1895
No. 191 191 Sergeant
William Thake was
born at Stepney,
London around 1859
and enlisted in the 88th
Regiment of Foot when
he was 14 years old on
17 December, 1873. He
was described as being
four feet four and one
half inches tall with a
fair complexion, hazel
eyes and brown hair
with a former trade of
musician listed.
The 1877-79 South Africa Medal that
was presented to No. 9265 Corporal
Josiah Clarke of the Royal Engineers

Clarke's service records have proved
elusive even after extensive online
searches and an on site search at the
National Archives at Kew. It is quite
likely that Corporal Clarke's records
where amongst those destroyed by
German bombs during World War
Two. Additional searches will continue
in the hopes of finding out more
about this soldier.

Based on the 1877-79 South Africa
Medal Roll, Clarke served under

Captain Bindon Blood in 30 Company
of the Royal Engineers during the
Anglo-Zulu War. Blood oversaw the
building of the pontoon bridge
across the Tugela in June 1879 and
Corporal Clarke may have been
involved in its  construction. 30
Company was
John Medley Loveband Fulford
Railway Staff
November 1900
Real Photo Postcard
Sazerac - Photographer
Paris, France
A not so risqué "French postcard"
produced in Paris to take advantage
of events in South Africa during the
Anglo-Boer War. Simply captioned
"Transvaal" it is hard to say which
side of the conflict this comely
young lady was supposed to appeal -
in all likelihood both. Tame by
today's standards one can assume
that she was a turn of the century
example of what would one day
become known as a pinup. As in
later wars she offered a minor
though probably quite welcome
diversion for the otherwise dismal
life of a soldier at war.