|...M company of the 20th Kansas Volunteer Infantry was raised in Salina, Kansas between 27 April and 5 May, 1898,
and was mustered into the service of the United States at Topeka, Kansas between May 9 and 13, with 46 officers and
964 enlisted men. Originally slated for service in Cuba, the regiment was diverted to the Philippine Islands after
languishing in San Francisco, California for several weeks - with out uniforms or equipment - M Company with C, D, E,
G, H, I, K Companies of the regiment departed for Asia on board the transport S.S. Indiana on 27 October arriving in
Manila on 30 November. The Spanish-American War ended on 10 December, 1898.
The Spanish- American War having come to an end in the Philippines the men were none the less involved in heavy
fighting in what became known as the Philippine Insurrection - a conflict that resulted when the local guerrilla forces
that had been fighting the Spanish for decades turned their attentions to their newly arrived American liberators.
The 20th Kansas was relieved from active duty on 24 June, 1899 and returned to the United States on board the
transport S.S. Tarter arriving at San Francisco on 10 October. The units was mustered out of service in San Francisco
on 28 October, 1898.
Clyde G. Wilson was born in 5 December 1876 in Iowa the son of William Oliver Wilson and Clara Burk. The family
had moved to Salina, Kansas sometime before Clyde Wilson, along with his younger brother Samuel enlisted in M
Company of the 20th Kansas Volunteer Infantry. At the time of his enlistment Clyde Wilson stood 6 feet tall and
weighed 178 pounds. He was said to have blue eyes.
During his service in the Philippines Wilson rose to the rank of sergeant although the exact dates of his promotions
have not come to light as of yet. His younger brother Samuel was not so fortunate. He was killed in action on 29 March,
1899 at Guiguinto.
Clyde Wilson returned home with his regiment and taken up the trade of policeman in Salina and later that of cowboy,
ranch hand and hired gun and became involved in what must could be considered the last of the West's so-called range
wars that had become such a hallmark of the Old and oft times Wild West.
By 1903 the afore mentioned Wild West was dying in fits at starts though a few of the old "habits" lingered - Butch
Cassidy and his "Hole in the Wall Gang" had only recently still been active in Utah - when Clyde Wilson was hired by
the Kansas rancher Chauncey Dewey who owned a spread called Oak Ranch.
A long standing feud existed between Chauncey Dewey and Daniel Berry a farmer and patriarch of a large family. The
bad blood had arisen from the fact that members of the Berry family had refused to vacate property now owned the
Dewey Cattle Company. As is many such cases it was a small spark that set off the final firestorm.
Daniel Berry had several bad debts against him and an auction of his property was held to help pay off his creditors. A
five barrel stock tank was one of the items up for bid and it was purchased for five dollars by Sheriff Robert McCulloch
of Cheyenne County on behalf of Chauncey Dewey. Two of Berry's sons let it be know that if Dewey wanted to take
possession of his purchase he needed "...to be damned sure to send the right kind of man after that tank..."
The following day Chauncey Dewey took the dare and headed over to the Berry spread with ten of his men to back up
his claim. Amongst those ten was Clyde Wilson. Being an experienced former soldier had made Wilson one of Dewey's
right hand men. Dewey also made sure that all of his men were well armed with Colt revolvers and Winchester rifles.
Arriving at the Berry farm Clyde Wilson and another Dewey cowboy began to load the tank in a wagon they had
brought for the purpose and Daniel Berry decided to go tell Chauncy Dewey and "thing or two" his eldest son
Alpheaus joining him. At the same time three more of Berry's sons, Burch, Beech and Roy rode up and dismounted. As
is so many such cases no one really knows what happened next or who fired the first shot. In moments Daniel, Alpheaus
and Burch Berry where all dead and Beech Berry wounded.
Dewey and his men - Clyde Wilson included - where charged with murder but only surrendered after a company of
Kansas National Guard was called up to keep them from being lynched by members of the Berry faction, a group now
swelled in numbers by outraged local ranchers and farmers.
Brought to trial in March, 1904 the entire Dewey faction was freed after an verdict of not guilty was returned. Both
Chauncy Dewey and Clyde Wilson were burned in effigy by an irate mob outside the courthouse. The surviving Berry's
filed a wrongful death suit against Chauncey Dewey, Clyde Wilson and William McBride - another ex-soldier in
Dewey's service. That case dragged on for years before finally being resolved for some $15,000 in the late 1920s in
favor of the Berrys.
In 1910 Clyde Wilson was ranch manager for one Albert Bretschye in Ashland Kansas. Working with him was a
younger brother Trace Wilson.
Wilson married sometime before 1915. He and his wife Hattie had one daughter named Ida Helen born in Colorado on
10 May, 1915.
Wilson re-enlisted in the army during World War One on 2 April, 1918 joining the 9th Recruit Company at his old rank
of Sergeant and seemingly spent the rest of that year training recruits at Fort Logan, Colorado. He received an
honorable discharge on 27 December, 1918. After the war Wilson, found that the gas and oil production business was
much better suited to a family man than his old gunsling and cowboy days were.
In December 1927 Wilson applied for military pension benefits based upon his service with the 20th Kansas Volunteers.
Wilson was still active in August 1945 when he served as a pallbearer for William Dillener one of Wilson's old
comrades in arms in the 20th Kansas Volunteers. Clyde G. Wilson died on 3 August, 1958 and was buried with military
honors at Gypsum Hill Cemetery in Salina, Kansas.
|Private Clyde G. Wilson and Corporal Samuel Elmer Brick
20th Kansas Volunteer Infantry Regiment
Manila, Philippine Islands.
|Samuel Elmer Brick was born on 8 January, 1878 at Browns Creek, Kansas the son of George W. Brick, a painter by
trade and Mary Ann Clanin.
Brick enlisted in the 20th Kansas Volunteer Infantry at the same time as Clyde Wilson in Saline, Kansas. Based upon
the photograph it seems that Brick was the first of the two to receive a promotion - in this case to corporal. Brick was
slightly wounded at Caloocan on 10 February. This wounding is mentioned in the regimental history but apparently
never officially recorded.
After returning home his life took quite a different turn than that of his gunslinging friend Clyde Wilson. He returned to
the family home and like so many young men in those days took up his father's trade as a painter. Brick married his
wife Lillian Belle Padgett sometime around 1906 and by 1910 had three children and now owned his own paint store -
the Salina Paint & Paper Company. In 1920 his business is listed simply as a paint and paper store.
He seems to have had a certain business acumen since in 1919 he registered a trade-mark with the U.S. Patent Office
for Nurex Adhesive Paste which based upon the nature of his business must have been a type of wallpaper paste. He
held a patent (1920) for a type of bookbinding gum to be used for the making of pads of paper. Reading through his
patent (No. 1,341,782) Brick had more than a casual grasp of chemistry. Two additional patents where also held for
waterproof and bookbinding gums. (Nos. 1,389,574 and 1,384,575).
Brick also stayed active with his old military associates. While attending the 10th Annual Encampment of the United
Spanish War Veterans in 1913 he was appointed Aide-de-Camp to the Commander-in-Chief.
During World War One Brick registered for the draft on 12 September, 1918. I have found no record of him serving
during the war but with the war coming to an end the next month this is not surprising.
Samuel Elmer Brick died on 8 December, 1920 at the age of 42 due to complications arising from Lymphatic Leukemia
in Dallas, Texas. He was buried in his home town of Salina, Kansas. One wonders if his death had resulted from
exposure to the numerous chemicals related to his chosen profession.
Carte de Visite
Centro Atrisico/Fotografia Espanola - Photographer
Manila, Philippine Islands
|Right: A reconstruction of Clyde G. Wilson's medal group
as it would have appeared at the end of World War One.
The first medal from left is the Philippine Campaign Medal
which Wilson was entitled to for service with the 20th
Kansas Volunteer Infantry from 1898 to 1899.
Second (center) is the U.S. version of the World War One
Victory Medal which Wilson earned while serving with the
9th Recruit Company, General Service Infantry at Fort
Logan, Colorado in 1918. His medal was issued without
clasps since the duration of his service during the war took
place within the borders of the United States.
Third (far left) is the 20th Kansas Volunteer Infantry
Spanish-American War service Badge issued to members of
the 20th upon their return to Kansas in 1899.Originally
intended to be a State of Kansas honor to her veterans, the
Legislature failed pass the required bill whereupon the
Kansas Department of the Grand Army of the Republic
stepped up and produced the badge themselves for
presentation to this younger generation of veterans.